February 01 2021 – Mukesh Kumar
If you keep delaying your sleep hours to binge-watch your favorite Netflix series or to talk to your long distant friend, then tune in and learn more about the negative effect of sleeplessness on our body.
Effects of Sleeplessness on Body:
We usually are unable to sleep peacefully at the end of the day and there are many factors associated with it, however, this cycle of sleeplessness disrupts more than just our physiological functions. There are several long term effects of sleep deprivation on our body and brain. Therefore, it is important to improve the quality of sleep. Instead of overdosing on that set of sleeping pills, try to make some amends in your lifestyle, and feel the difference yourself. Today, we are going to talk about the effects of sleep deprivation on our body and mind.
Effect on Central Nervous System:
Your central nervous system is your body's largest data highway. To keep it running properly, sleep is important, but persistent insomnia will disturb how information is normally sent and stored by the body. Pathways develop in your brain between nerve cells during sleep that help you recall new knowledge you have gained. Sleep deficiency tends to make people feel drained, and due to this, they are unable to fulfill their duties. You can also find it harder to focus on or learn new material. It can also slow the messages the body sends, reduce your balance, and raise the chance of injuries. Your mental ability and emotional condition are also adversely impacted by sleep deprivation. You can become more impatient with mood swings or responsive to them. It can also undermine systems and innovation in decision-making. You might start getting hallucinations if sleep deprivation lasts long enough. In people who have a bipolar personality disorder, a lack of sleep may even cause mania.
Effect on the Immune System:
Your immune system develops defensive, infection-fighting substances like antibodies and cytokines when you are asleep. It uses these substances, such as bacteria and viruses, to defeat alien invaders. Some cytokines also help you relax, providing more efficiency to the immune system to protect the body from disease. Sleep deficiency inhibits the forces of the immune system from building up. Your body may not be able to ward off attackers if you don't get enough sleep, and it may even take you longer to heal from sickness. Long-term lack of sleep also raises the risk of health diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes.
Effect on the Digestive system:
In addition to eating too much and not running, another potential risk for being overweight and obese is sleep deprivation. Sleep affects the levels of two hormones that regulate sensations of appetite and fullness, leptin, and ghrelin. Your brain is told by Leptin that you have had plenty to feed. Your brain lowers leptin without adequate sleep and increases ghrelin, which is an appetite stimulant. Nighttime snacking or whether anyone may overeat later in the night may be explained by the flux of these hormones. A lack of sleep will make you feel too drained to work out, too. Reduced physical exercise over time will help you gain weight so you don't burn enough calories and don't develop muscle mass. Since you chew, sleep loss often allows the body to produce less insulin. Insulin helps decrease the level of blood sugar (glucose). Sleep deficiency also decreases the glucose tolerance of the body and is associated with insulin resistance. These disturbances will contribute to diabetes mellitus and obesity.
Effects on Respiratory System:
The link between the respiratory system and sleep swings both ways. Your sleep quality can be disrupted by an overnight breathing condition called obstructive sleep apnea. This will induce sleep loss when you wake up in the night, which makes you more susceptible to respiratory illnesses such as the cold or flu. The derivation of sleep can make worsen several respiratory diseases such as asthma.
Effects on the Endocrine System:
The development of hormones is reliant upon your sleep. You require at least three hours of uninterrupted sleep, which is around the duration of your first R.E.M. episode, for testosterone synthesis. Waking up during the night could impact the development of hormones. This disruption may also impact the development of growth hormones, especially in children and adolescents. The hormones aid with the process of muscle development, cellular, and tissue repair. The growth hormone is released during the day by the pituitary gland, but proper sleep and exercise also aid the production of this hormone.
Effects on the cardiovascular system:
Sleep influences mechanisms, including those that affect your blood sugar, blood pressure, and inflammation levels, which keep your heart and blood vessels healthy. It also plays a crucial role in the capacity of the body to regenerate and rebuild your heart and blood vessels. People are far more likely to have a cardiovascular disease if they don't sleep enough. One study related insomnia to an elevated risk of stroke and heart attack. These are some of the effects of sleep deprivation on our body and brain. And if this set of information is not enough for you to focus on your sleep patterns then let me tell you that it might end up making you look like a panda as well (dark circles). So, sleep on time and feel the difference yourself.