January 25 2021 – Mukesh Kumar
If coffee is your best friend and you are unable to start your day without caffeine shots then get ready to be amused as we learn about the effects of coffee consumption on our body.
Ingredients of Coffee:
Caffeine is the primary active ingredient of coffee. Caffeine is a natural and organic substance present in the leaves or fruits of certain plants. It is an antioxidant-rich beverage, which is also loaded with several other nutrients like riboflavin, pantothenic acid, manganese, potassium, magnesium, and niacin.
Vitamin B2 or riboflavin is a nutrient that promotes cell growth and the overall health of the body. It aids with the conversion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats into energy. It is important for eye health and promotes the development and functioning of the skin, lining of the digestive tract, blood cells, and other vital organs. Hence, the commencement of riboflavin into coffee is somewhat related to the elevated levels of energy. Coffee also contains vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid, which aids with the proper functioning of the central nervous system and liver. It promotes the health of eyes, skin, and hair. Moreover, the manganese in coffee regulates blood glucose levels. Its use is associated with various anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects.
Other than caffeine, there are many other active ingredients in coffee such as chlorogenic acids (CGOs), cafestol, kahweol, and trigonelline. CGA’s have antioxidant benefits associated with blood sugar pathways and elevated blood sugar levels, both of which are linked to mental decline or dementia. Cafecito and kahweol promote better metabolism and liver health. However, uncontrolled consumption can increase levels of LDL in the blood. Trigonelline is a precursor of niacin and it prevents the growth of bacteria inside dental cavities.
What does Coffee do to Your Body?
Have you ever wondered, what happens when you keep patching espresso-like nicotine shots? Well, these physiological alterations or effects cannot be felt overnight but if you keep sipping coffee like water then certain physiological alterations are apparent. Here are some of the physiological effects associated with frequent consumption of coffee.
Central Nervous System:
Coffee is a central nervous system stimulant. The central nervous system is influenced by caffeine in several ways. The influence, however, is mainly thought to be derived from how caffeine interacts with adenosine receptors. Adenosine is a sleep-inducing neurotransmitter present in the brain. In our central nervous system, neurons have particular receptors to which adenosine can attach. Caffeine disrupts neurons' propensity to fire when it binds to those receptors. It slows down neural activity. When caffeine binds with adenosine receptors, adenosine starts to build up and ultimately makes us drowsy when it's time to go to sleep. Caffeine and adenosine have an identical molecular structure. So caffeine competes with adenosine to bind to the same receptors. However, as adenosine does, caffeine doesn't slow the firing of your neurons. Instead, adenosine stops it from slowing you down. Caffeine encourages stimulation of the brain and nervous system, making you feel vigilant. Coffee usually keeps us awake and vigilant. However, overuse of coffee can be associated with coffee withdrawal, which is a condition characterized by drowsiness, anxiety, irritability, and sometimes tremors.
Respiratory and Circulatory system:
As we drink coffee, it gets absorbed by the gastric cells of the stomach in almost 2 hours. The levels of caffeine multiply furiously in the blood after 2 hours of its consumption. At the start, caffeine will elevate the blood pressure immensely. The elevated blood pressure is affiliated with either blockage of various hypotensive hormones or the release of adrenaline. There is no long-term impact of coffee on blood pressure, but caffeine may elevate heart rate potentially. If you have elevated blood pressure or trouble with the heart, consult your doctor before overdosing on caffeine. An overdose of caffeine could result in accelerated or erratic heartbeats and difficulties breathing. In rare cases, due to convulsions or erratic heartbeat, caffeine overdose may result in death.
Caffeine consumption can reduce the levels of testosterone in the body. Research shows that the sons of a mother consuming more than 4 cups of coffee each day had lower testosterone levels than the sons of the mother consuming one or less cup of coffee. While the levels of testosterone are associated with the weight and size of prostrate glades and seminal vesicles in males. Hence, it’s overconsumption can reduce sperm count in males and could result in infertility. Caffeine enters the bloodstream and crosses the placenta of a pregnant woman. Caffeine can elevate the heart rate and metabolism of both the child and the mother because of its stimulating properties. Stunted fetal development and an elevated chance of miscarriage can also be caused by an overdose of caffeine. A little caffeine is healthy during breastfeeding in most cases.
Now that you are familiar with the effects of coffee on the body. Try to switch those espresso shots with preservative-free juices. Moderate consumption of coffee can be healthy but chronic consumption can trigger various physiological responses. So, drink but drink moderately!